This is the process that captures atmospheric carbon and stores it geologically or biologically and soon technologically.
Naturally, carbon is stored throughout our world. Some places in nature are better than others in storing carbon. Peat, commonly “bogs”, take in a lot of carbon. Though peatlands cover only 3% of the Earth’s surface, they store twice the amount of carbon as all the world’s forests combined. Forests, oceans and the soil are all sources for carbon sequestration.
We already know that soil conservation has become increasingly important, and would greatly benefit from more no-tilling and the use of cover crops. These methods are also the tools for carbon sequestration. Think of these methods as locking carbon in the ground.
Geological sequestration requires interventions. Typically, carbon dioxide is captured from an industrial source, such as steel or cement production, or an energy-related source, such as a power plant or natural gas processing facility and injected into porous rocks for long-term storage. This is a burgeoning solution with just a few commercial-grade applications around the world but it is worth understanding and supporting.
Virginia, Oregon and California all have legislation to look more closely at this important contribution to combating climate change. Now, aided by President Biden, referring to a recent Executive Order he signed, “America’s farmers, ranchers and forest landowners have an important role to play in combating the climate crisis and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, by sequestering carbon in soils, grasses, trees and other vegetation.”